Friday 13 February 2015


Policies are clear, simple statements of how an organization intends to conduct its working - be it services, actions or business. It guides the standard operating protocol of an organization. The human resource policy is one such document that broadly contains details on employing staff, managing employee performance, dealing with employee concerns and supporting staff in the organization.

To know further on "Human Resource Policy", read the complete article on "Policies – Human Resource Policy".

Wednesday 23 July 2014

Every organization has a vision and mission statement to direct it. Further, organizations plan various activities and programs in order to fulfill this mission. There is the Board and there is the Management team who provide oversight and supervision, respectively. The Board may set up various sub-committees to effectively run the organization of which Program Committee is one. 

To know further on "Program Committee"read the complete article on "Board Committees - Program Committee"

As Programs being the center of every organization, it can be said that Program Committee performs a key role in the governance of an organization.” Please share your views and opinions.

Wednesday 12 March 2014

In non-profit organizations, human resource plays a key and pivotal role. Human resource is also an important asset of the organization. Therefore, it is important to develop, nurture, preserve and protect the very human resource of an organization. 
The Board is responsible for proper governance and management of the organization. This would also include management of human resource of the organization. In case of medium or large organizations, the Board generally sets up a human resource (HR) Committee to support itself in discharging the HR Functions. 

To know further on "Human Resource Committee", read the complete article on "Board Committees - Human Resource Committee"

"The HR Committee is said to be a sub-committee of the Board." Please share your justifications and comments.

Wednesday 16 October 2013


It is the fiduciary responsibility of the Board of an organization to be accountable for the finances. In other words, the Board is expected to oversee the financial affairs of the organization and is accountable to the donors, government, community and society at large. Therefore, the Board has the ultimate responsibility for the financial affairs of the organization. 

However, not all Board members would have the financial management acumen. Secondly, since the Board members provide voluntary service to the organization, they may not have adequate time to devote to detailed financial oversight. Therefore, the Board sometimes appoints a Finance Standing Committee consisting of some Board members and specialists.

To know further on "Finance Committee", read the complete article on Board Committees- Finance Committee”.

Sunday 30 June 2013


Audit is an independent assessment of the true and fairness of the financial statements prepared by the organization. It is important to recognize that even though the management of an organization is given the task of preparing financial statements, it is eventually the responsibility of the Board to ensure that the financial statements are properly prepared. In order to efficiently exercise its oversight function, the Board works through setting up various Committees. One very important Committee which a Board can set up is “Audit Committee”.

To know more about "Audit Committees", read the complete article on Board Committees- Audit Committee

Wednesday 24 April 2013


In any organization the Board is the highest and ultimate decision-making body. However, as the organization grows in size, it may not be possible for the Board to make all the decisions directly. This is more so since the Board consists of volunteers who sacrificially give their time in governing the organization. Therefore, the Board decides to delegate certain responsibilities to the management team and provides oversight. Basically, the Board makes a distinction between governance and management function. While the governance functions are retained at the Board level, the management functions are delegated to the management.

To know more about "Executive Committees", read the complete article on “Board Committees- Executive Committee”

"Can the Executive Committee replace the Board?" Please share your views with us.

Friday 15 March 2013


The Board members of an organization collectively referred to as Board set the vision, mission, strategy 
and structure of the organization. However, the Board vests the responsibility of management and day-today operations of the organization to the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) (here CEO refers to the Chief 
The chief executive officer is the key link between the organization and the Board. The primarily 
responsible is to carry out the strategic plans and policies as established by the Board.

Since the CEO is the head of management there is generally a relationship of trust between the Board and the CEO. On one hand the Board holds the CEO accountable for running the organization and on the other hand the Board also sets the mandate of the CEO by providing set of guidelines and roles/responsibilities. The Board should also provide a clear reporting framework to the CEO to be accountable. Generally, on behalf of the Board the Chairperson acts as the reporting officer for the CEO.

To know more on CEO Evaluation types and processes , read the complete article on “CEO Evaluation”  Click here.

"What is the difference between 'the Board's CEO' and 'the CEO's Board'?" Please share your views.